Periodontal disease in an infection that destroys the gum and bone surrounding your teeth. The main cause of periodontal disease (gum and bone disease) is bacterial plaque. This bacteria, if left untreated on your teeth, causes damage to your gums and the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontal disease is an interaction with your immune system and this plaque which can lead to premature tooth loss. There is a genetic predisposition to periodontal disease.
The only definitive way to detect periodontal disease is through a periodontal evaluation. Pain is not a good indicator of periodontal disease. If you have any of the following symptoms, it maybe a sign that you have periodontal disease: